The Parco della Musica is a multipurpose complex to host musical and cultural events situated between the Olympic Village, the Stadio Flamioni and the Pariol Quarter. In 1993, the City of Rome launched a limited competition for it’s design and construction. The original competition did not stipulate three separate concert halls, however, in order to guarantee maximum flexibility of use and the best possible acoustics, Renzo Piano Building Workshop introduced this new concept to the project.
The Parco della Musica is composed of three separate giant bug-like halls. They are conceived as giant individual musical instruments, ‘resonating chambers’, sitting in a landscape. The three halls are grouped in a semi-circle, their positions to some extent determined by the discovery, during early excavations, of a roman villa on the site and the wish to incorporate its display within the music centre. Each concert hall differs from the other in terms of dimension and functions, but they are all characterized by an extreme flexibility and versatility of the space. By these means, space can be regulated and adjusted to the nature of performance, where floor and ceiling can be moved to adjust the acoustic properties of the wall. The interiors are entirely made of cherry-wood, which best resolved acoustic problems.
This layout results in a fourth space in the centre which became an outdoor amphitheatre known as the ‘Cavea’, with a capacity of almost 3000, an element which gives particular public and urban dimensions to the site. The halls look like three enormous ‘music boxes’, whose colours and materials recall those of the domes dotting the urban landscape of Rome.